Industrial Organizational Psychology Jobs & Career Guide 2023

Search Industrial Organizational Psychology Jobs
Search thousands of I/O psychology jobs across the country.

>Or browse all of our industrial organizational psychology job listings

By Staff Writer
Our career guides are produced by staff writers in conjunction with our expert career coaches. We may earn a referral fee from some links to higher education providers but we remain committed to providing impartial guidance to further your career.

Industrial Psychology CareersWhat Is an Industrial Psychologist?

Industrial and organizational psychology applies psychological principles and theories to the workplace. Industrial Psychology is also known as Industrial-Organizational Psychology, or I-O Psychology. This growing specialty in the field of medicine focuses on improving and increasing workplace flow and productivity. Industrial Psychologists evaluate corporate climate by studying employee behavior, productivity, and attitudes. They provide training and guidance to leadership, management, and team members. Industrial Psychologists collaborate with corporate leadership to evaluate workplace behavior, create policies, direct training sessions, and develop company strategy.

Jump to I/O Jobs Listing

What Is an Industrial Psychologist Responsible For?

Industrial Psychologists apply psychological principles by studying individual behavior and an organization’s climate. An Industrial Psychologist evaluates management styles, company expectations, social situations, and organizational structure within a company. Based on their findings, they work to improve individual job performance and the overall health of its team members. The benefit of a healthy and happier workforce translates to a more stable and efficient organization.

An Industrial Psychologist works with the Human Resources department to observe employees and their work environment to measure elements, such as job satisfaction and performance. Employee training, performance evaluations, and the company’s hiring practices and techniques are also considered.  By evaluating each employee’s motivation and productivity, an Industrial Psychologist can help make the company a better place to work.

On the job, an Industrial Psychologist can expect to:

  •         Use psychological research in the workplace
  •         Help businesses hire qualified employees
  •         Train and motivate the labor force
  •         Collaborate with the Human Resources Department
  •         Provide a consultative role in the organization
  •         Assess employee job performance
  •         Improve organizational structure
  •         Increase business efficiency
  •         Aid with corporate transitions, such as mergers and staff realignment
  •         Research consumer behavior
  •         Provide ergonomic consultation to maximize performance and improve comfort
  •         Enhance the quality of life for employers and employees

Where Does an Industrial Psychologist Work?

Industrial Psychologists apply scientific research in a wide range of workplace settings. Some work in the manufacturing industry, health-care facilities, commercial enterprises, or labor unions. Many Industrial Psychologists work as consultants or hold academic positions at universities. They qualify to work as trainers, coaches, and facilitators, working directly with a company’s Human Resources Department. They may be hired by an organization to assist with resolving a specific problem.

What Career Options Are Available to An Industrial Psychologist?

Industrial organizational psychology jobs are an ever-growing sub-specialty within the field of psychology.  They find great job satisfaction in helping people improve their work processes and motivations, which leads to a better individual experience in the workforce.

An Industrial Psychologist can expect to find a career in the following areas:

Human Resources Organizational Development (OD) Manager

This important position is a liaison and advisor to company leadership. The OD Manager plans and coordinates company initiatives across the organization by developing and implementing HR programs company-wide. This position is directly responsible for creating Human Resource policies to attract and keep valuable employees and help the organization achieve business and operational goals.

Talent Management Specialist

A talent management specialist develops and implements programs intended to train supervisors and leaders in an organization. These specialists work closely with organization management to understand what skills, knowledge, and experience they need to excel in a leadership position. 

Behavior Analyst

This position focuses on behavior that can be observed and measured. A behavior analyst focuses on describing, understanding, predicting, and changing behavior. They consider factors such as biological and environmental influences. Behavior analysts may research consumer trends for marketing companies or other industries interested in what influences consumer decisions. 

Human Resources Practice Manager

Human resources practice managers specialize in talent selection, performance management, and workplace diversity. They train company managers and develop plans for workplace diversity. They specialize in employee recruitment and retention. 


A consultant meets with executives and others in leadership positions to review organizational development, training, management changes, staff evaluations, talent recruitment, and issues related to pay and benefits. A consultant may run their own consulting practice or work for a larger consulting firm. 

Research Analyst

A research analyst organizes research projects and works closely with project teams. They analyze data and make rec

How to become an Industrial Organizational Psychologist

How long does it take to become an IO psychologist? It depends on the route you take but typically 7-12 years from starting your Bachelor’s degree to practice.

Educational requirements

IO psychology programs typically cover topics such as employee selection and assessment, training and development, organizational culture, and work motivation. Graduates of IO psychology programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to design and implement effective workplace interventions, and they are often sought after by employers in a variety of industries.

To become an industrial-organizational psychologist, you typically need to have at least a Master’s degree in psychology, with a focus on industrial-organizational psychology. However, most practicing IO psychologists hold a doctoral degree (Ph.D. or Psy.D.) in psychology, with a specialization in IO psychology.

Learn more about getting a PhD in organizational psychology

A Bachelor’s degree in psychology or a related field is typically the starting point for pursuing a career in IO psychology. This typically takes 4 years to complete.

After completing your Bachelor’s degree, you will need progress to a Master’s degree in psychology, with a focus on industrial-organizational psychology. This typically takes 2 years to complete.

Unlike becoming a clinical psychologist, a Master’s degree is sufficient education to become a practicing IO psychologist but in reality most students choose to go on to study for a doctoral degree to improve their career prospects and earning potential.


States often require a license to practice as an IO psychologist. See here for licensing by state.

Unlike many other subfields of psychology where you might typically work in one setting within a single state e.g. a hospital or clinic serving local patients, IO psychologists frequently travel to consult with organizations across the country. With this in mind, the licensing is more flexible and you can work in another state for up to 60 days without being specifically licensed to practice in that state.

To earn your license you will need to take the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology (EPPP) followed by any state specific exams (if required) e.g. CPLEE.

You can then apply to your state’s licensing board and apply for membership with the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology which is the industry body for industrial and organizational psychologists. Visit their membership page for more information.

Continuing education

Continuing education requirements to maintain your license vary by state.

Many states require continuing education to be related to the practice of psychology i.e. industrial-organizational psychology. Some states may require a certain number of continuing education units (CEUs) to be in specific areas, such as ethics.

IO psychologists can earn CEUs through a variety of methods, such as attending conferences, workshops, and training sessions, or completing online courses or webinars. You are responsible for tracking your CEUs and should be able to provide proof of completion to the licensing board if required.

Many IO psychologists will extend their continuing education beyond board mandate in order to advance their knowledge on specific organizations and industries that they serve. This type of training may not generate CEUs but will likely advance your career prospects.

What Skills are Required in Industrial/Organizational Psychology?

Industrial/Organizational Psychologists should have a strong background in psychology. They must possess a firm understanding of psychological theory and understand human behavior. Industrial/Organizational Psychologists must have a solid understanding of social and cultural issues and they need to have strong teamworking skills. They must be critical thinkers and utilize logic and reason to identify employee and employer strengths and weaknesses.

Industrial/Organizational Psychologists should possess emotional intelligence and the ability to respond compassionately to diverse personalities. They must also gather and review data and communicate well to employers and employees. Industrial/Organizational Psychologists should be able to evaluate human behavior and how different personality types work or don’t work well with one another.

How Much Money Does an Industrial Psychologist Earn?

The salary range for industrial and organizational psychologists varies widely. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for Industrial Psychologists is approximately $112,690. Specialty in the field, experience, company size, and location are a big factor in salary determination. The top 10 percent of experienced Industrial Psychologists make more than $192,000 per year.

Latest Industrial Organizational Psychology Jobs & Career Guide 2023 Listings

Find More Industrial Organizational Psychology Jobs & Career Guide 2023
Position Company Location Posted
Assistant Professor of Psychology and the Latinx Experience (6028) Northern Illinois University Illinois 09/22/2023
Position DetailsPosition InformationWorking Position Title Assistant Professor of Psychology and the Latinx Experience (6028)Classification Title Assistant ProfessorPosition Number 00006028Posting Date 09/21/2023Closing DatePriority Review Date 10/22/2023Business Unit Description FacultyFull-Time/Part Time Full-TimeFTE ... More
Psychology Assistant Professor California State University, San Bernardino San Bernardino, California 09/19/2023
California State University, San Bernardino (CSUSB) is located in San Bernardino in the Inland Empire, 60 miles east of Los Angeles and operates a satellite campus in Palm Desert located in Coachella Valley. CSUSB serves approximately 20,000 students, of which 81% are first-generation college students and graduates about ... More
Assistant Professor of Social Psychology Hofstra University Hempstead, New York 09/18/2023
The Department of Psychology at Hofstra University invites applications for an anticipated full-time, tenure-track assistant professor position beginning September 2024. The search is focused on finding a candidate with a background in social psychology or related area with an interest in teaching statistics/research methods and whose research focuses on one or more of the following areas: cross-cultural psychology, multicultural influences on human interaction, underrepresented or marginalized ... More
Assistant Professor of Industrial/Organizational Psychology Hofstra University Hempstead, New York 09/18/2023
The Department of Psychology at Hofstra University invites applications for a full-time, tenure-track Assistant Professor position beginning in September 2024. The position is primarily for the MA Program in Industrial/Organizational Psychology and the PhD Program in Applied Organizational Psychology, although some undergraduate teaching is available as well. The MA program is an applied program that prepares students for careers in such areas as human resources, training and development, ... More
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. University of North Carolina at Charlotte Charlotte, North Carolina 09/13/2023
The Department of Psychological Science at the University of North Carolina Charlotte is seeking candidates in the area of clinical health psychology for a tenure-track position at the rank of Assistant Professor to begin on August 15, 2024. Required qualifications: A PhD degree from an APA-accredited Clinical, Counseling, or Health Psychology program; an established program of research in clinical psychology; a demonstrated record of (or strong promise for) external funding ... More
Assistant Professor of Psychology Beloit College Beloit, Wisconsin 09/08/2023
PSYCHOLOGY TENURE TRACK POSITION 2023 SEARCH TO BEGIN AY 2024-25 Beloit College invites applications for a tenure track assistant professor of Psychology to begin in August 2024. A Ph.D. in psychology is required; candidates who are ABD and expect to complete their Ph.D. by August 2024 will also be considered. Successful candidates must have teaching interests and research specialties in clinical psychology, as well as the ability to ... More
Professor and Chair of Psychology UMBC Maryland 09/08/2023
The University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) Department of Psychology is conducting a search for aProfessor andChair of Psychologywith the expectation of an appointment at the level ofProfessor(tenured) beginning in August 2024. Qualified candidates will have a doctoral degree in Psychology in a specialty area of relevance to ... More
Assistant Professor of Leadership and Organizational Psychology, School of Hospitality, Administration Boston University Boston, Massachusetts 09/02/2023
Job DescriptionBoston University invites applications for a non-tenure track Assistant Professor position in the School of Hospitality Administration (SHA)One Assistant Professor specializing in leadership and/or industrial/organizational psychology.Central to the hospitality industry is the creation of memorable, high-quality experiences, across digital and physical touchpoints. These experiences are designed not only for customers, but also for employees of ... More
Find More Industrial Organizational Psychology Jobs & Career Guide 2023